Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR)

Q & A Regarding our APPR Process

What is the APPR?

  • APPR stands for the Annual Professional Performance Review.  It is the way in which teachers and building principals are evaluated within Brewster and across New York State.

When did this NYS law come into effect?  

  • In May of 2010 Governor Cuomo signed Education Law 3012-c into law, which restructured how teachers and principals were evaluated throughout NYS, each receiving a composite score of ‘Highly Effective’, ‘Effective’, ‘Developing’ or ‘Ineffective’ based on a combination of student scores on NYS and local assessments, as well as classroom observations.
  • In April of 2015, 3012d came into effect. It kept in place the bones of the evaluation system, shifting the structure somewhat to two categories: student performance and observation/school visit.

Who serves on our APPR Committee?

  • Our APPR Committee has been in establishment since 2000 and was responsible for outlining our local evaluation system.  Since its inception, there has been an equal number of teachers and administrators.

What tasks are outlined in the APPR?

  • Task 1 – General Information
  • Task 2 – Original Student Performance as it pertains to Teacher Evaluations
  • Task 3 – Original Sub component (Teachers)
  • Task 4 – Teacher Observation Category
  • Task 5 – Overall Scoring (Teachers)
  • Task 6 – Additional Requirements (Teachers)
  • Task 7 – Original Student Performance as it pertains to Principal Evaluations
  • Task 8 – Original Sub component (Principals)
  • Task 9 – Principal School Visit Category
  • Task 10 – Overall Scoring (Principals)

What is the student performance category?

  • This category comprises which aspects of student performance is used to determine teacher and principal ratings.  Depending on the grade level that the teacher or principal oversees, this could be a combination of the 3-8 Mathematics and English Language Arts assessments, Regents Exams, the grade 4 science assessment or STAR Reading and Math assessments.

What is the teacher observation category?

  • This section outlines how many announced and unannounced observations teachers receive and what evaluation instrument is used to conduct those observations.

How many observations will a tenured teacher receive in one school year? How about a non-tenured teacher?


Tenured Staff

Non-Tenured Staff







What comprises an announced observation?

  • Each announced observation must include a pre-observation conference (usually about one class period), the observation itself (40 – 45 minutes) and the post-observation conference (also usually one class period).

What is an unannounced observation?

  • There is no pre or post conference for an unannounced observation.  The duration of an unannounced is 20 minutes for a non-tenured teacher and they receive no prior notification.  Unannounced observations for tenured teachers last 10 minutes and they are notified the week that the observer is coming in.

What is the independent evaluator requirement?  Language from the law, 4.6 assurances

  • This clause is new under 3012d.  The law stipulates, and in the APPR Plan assurances must be provided that the administrator conducting the unannounced observation is not assigned to the same building as the teacher being observed.  This is designated NYSED through the BEDS (Basic Education Data System) which is a unique identifying code provided to each building.

How are the student performance and teacher observation categories weighted to get an overall composite evaluation?  

5.2) Scoring Matrix for the Overall Rating

  Teacher Observation Category
    Highly Effective (H) Effective (E) Developing (D) Ineffective (I)

Student Performance Category

Highly Effective (H) H H E D
Effective (E) H E E D
Developing (D) E E D I
Ineffective (I) D* D* I I

*If a teacher is rated Ineffective on the Student Performance category, and a State-designed supplemental assessment was included as an Optional subcomponent of the Student Performance category, the teacher can be rated no higher than Ineffective overall (see Education Law §3012-d(5)(a) and (7)).

Who is not evaluated under 3012d?

  • Teachers who are not the ‘teacher of record’ for students are not evaluated under 3012d and instead fall under the local collective bargaining agreement.  Examples of staff members who might not be a teacher of record would be a psychologist, social worker, school counselor, or other related service provider.

What is the approval process?

  • First, the APPR Committee must agree and put a proposal forward.  That proposal must be approved by the BTA (Brewster Teachers’ Association) President, the AAB (Administrator’s Association of Brewster) President, the Superintendent of Schools and the President of the Board of Education.


If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Michelle Gosh, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum, Instruction & Assessment at

Compiled by 2018-19 APPR Committee Members: 

Eileen Riolo, Teacher, JFK Elementary
Elaine Karczmit, Teacher, JFK Elementary
Frank Zamperlin, Principal, JFK Elementary
Janet Murphy, Teacher, CV Starr Intermediate
Theresa Cherry, Principal, CV Starr Intermediate
Sue Barbato, Teacher, HH Wells Middle School
John Clark, Principal,  HH Wells Middle School
Rick Tivnan, Teacher, Brewster High School
Nikki Horler, Principal, Brewster High School
Kathy Culligan, District Office
Michelle Gosh, District Office